Open heart surgery treats aortic stenosis which makes the valve and artery narrow and restricts blood flow to the whole body. Before many decades, this procedure is sought to be the toughest one and seen as a very serious case.
In private hospitals, normally, open heart surgery takes almost four to five hours but nowadays this procedure is accomplishing successfully in less than 45 minutes. Many doctors in India, Delhi, NCR has performed the hybrid procedure on many patients in less than a minute. In Noida, this surgery has been done over a 76-year-old female successfully. It has involved angioplasty with stenting of the major artery along with transcatheter heart valve replacement in Delhi. This procedure includes using of unique innovative pre-crimped and pre-loaded self-expandable aortic valve. According to many reputed doctors, aortic stenosis is the narrowing of the aortic valve which further interferes with the blood flow throughout the body. This is one of the most common types of heart disease in which the most common symptoms are breathlessness and chest pain or angina.
This disease mainly affects aged people due to scarring and calcium built up. The person will observe its effects after the age of 60 or 70. It occurs in the ratio of one is to eight among the age group of 75 years.
In most of the cases, almost 30% of the patients with severe symptomatic aortic stenosis do not opt for the replacement of aortic valve as the procedure coincides with multiple of co-existing conditions. For the best result, one should consult with best surgeons for open heart surgery.
The surgeon will go through with the complete past history of hypertension and a data of past 15 years will be checked. For hyperthyroidism, a data of 10 years will be checked and other than this, COPD severe osteoarthritis of both knees will be also checked. In the case of the female whose operation had been done in 45 minutes, had been complaining of difficulty in breathing and chest pain. Even many times, her coronary angiography revealed critical blockage at her main artery. She was neither fit for the surgery nor was her family ready for the option. Due to the same reason, the operation was done under local anaesthesia at the groin area. Dr Lal said, ‘Initially angioplasty with stenting of the main artery was performed followed by 26 mm size pre-crimped self-expandable valve.’
The patient is now following regular checkups to avoid any other kind of circumstances. This procedure is the first of its kind in the world and we are proud it has been done in India by a team of some highly esteemed doctors and surgeons.