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Diabetes : Tomorrow’S Prevention, Today.

No sooner that India managed to manage killer diseases (such as malaria, cholera and polio) of the past years, the nation is confronted with a new health threat. A new breed of diseases, which goes by the name of Lifestyle diseases, has become the new killer. For many years, common Indians were under the impression that Lifestyle diseases were a problem for solely the wealthy Western nations. While such diseases still account for more than 14.2 million premature deaths globally each year, India is contributing significantly to this end statistics. Lifestyle diseases have replaced the infectious and hereditary diseases and become the leading killer diseases in India. While some such diseases are side effects of modern day fast lifestyle, others are a result of physical inactivity and addictions. So, today let us take a telescopic look at some such diseases.

Type II Diabetes

India has already become the Diabetes capital of World, with more than 61.3 million people suffering from this lifestyle disorder. It is caused by high blood sugar levels in the body which results in the inability to utilize insulin (a hormone responsible for regulating the movement of sugar into various body cells). The causes for high rates of Type II Diabetes can be easily traced to common lifestyle anomalies such as smoking, consumption of fast food, lack of proper exercising, among many other factors. 

Symptoms

  • Sudden and abnormal weight loss
  • Increase in the frequency of urination
  • Excessive thirst
  • Lack of energy or fatigue
  • Slightly blurred vision
  • Increased healing time for infections or sores
  • Areas near the neck or armpits where the skin is darker 

Diagnosis

  • Random blood sugar test
  • Fasting blood sugar test
  • Oral glucose tolerance test
  • Glycated hemoglobin (A1C) test 

Self Management 

  • Eat Healthy: Visit a registered dietitian to get a proper diet for your condition. In general, your diet should be high on fiber and low on fat foods. It should contain lots of fruits, vegetables and whole grains. It should contain small amounts of animal products. You should stay away from sweets and refined carbohydrates.
  • Exercising: Exercising regularly on all days of the week is essential for you. Seek the doctor’s guidance and start an exercise program suiting your physical capability and endurance levels. You should aim for at least 30 minutes of exercise through five days of the week. You may choose from a variety of physical activities such as swimming, biking, walking, stretching and strength training exercises.
  • Blood Sugar Monitoring: If you have Type II Diabetes, waste no time in purchasing a monitoring device. Blood sugar levels can be unpredictable and changes in response to exercise, alcohol, some food, illness and even certain medication. This is why you need to monitor and note the blood sugar levels every now and then. However, if you are on insulin you should monitor it multiple times a day. 

Treatment 

  • Medications: Metformin, Meglitinides, Sulfonylureas, Thiazolidinediones, GLP-1 receptor agonists, DPP-4 inhibitors, SGLT2 inhibitors or as directed by physician.
  • Insulin Therapy: In the past years insulin therapy was seen as a last resort for Type II Diabetes patients, but nowadays it is administered earlier due to its distinct benefits in controlling the blood sugar levels. When medications are taken by mouth, the normal digestion process interferes with their effects. This is why insulin is directly injected into the veins in the procedure. There are various types of injections, meant for different purposes, such as: Insulin glulisine (Apidra), Insulin aspart (Novolog), Insulin lispro (Humalog), Insulin detemir (Levemir), Insulin glargine (Lantus) and Insulin isophane (Humulin N, Novolin N).
  • Bariatric Surgery: If you are suffering from Type II Diabetes and your BMI (Body Mass Index) is greater than 35, then the doctor might recommend this weight loss surgery. Through this procedure, a portion of small intestine is bypassed. This surgery has proved to be most helpful for Type II Diabetes patients than any other weight loss therapy.

Diabetes can cause a lot of complications that can affect nearly every organ in your body. Start to prevent these problems starting today!

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