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Diabetes : Tomorrow’S Prevention, Today.

No sooner that India managed to manage killer diseases (such as malaria, cholera and polio) of the past years, the nation is confronted with a new health threat. A new breed of diseases, which goes by the name of Lifestyle diseases, has become the new killer. For many years, common Indians were under the impression that Lifestyle diseases were a problem for solely the wealthy Western nations. While such diseases still account for more than 14.2 million premature deaths globally each year, India is contributing significantly to this end statistics. Lifestyle diseases have replaced the infectious and hereditary diseases and become the leading killer diseases in India. While some such diseases are side effects of modern day fast lifestyle, others are a result of physical inactivity and addictions. So, today let us take a telescopic look at some such diseases.

Type II Diabetes

India has already become the Diabetes capital of World, with more than 61.3 million people suffering from this lifestyle disorder. It is caused by high blood sugar levels in the body which results in the inability to utilize insulin (a hormone responsible for regulating the movement of sugar into various body cells). The causes for high rates of Type II Diabetes can be easily traced to common lifestyle anomalies such as smoking, consumption of fast food, lack of proper exercising, among many other factors. 


  • Sudden and abnormal weight loss
  • Increase in the frequency of urination
  • Excessive thirst
  • Lack of energy or fatigue
  • Slightly blurred vision
  • Increased healing time for infections or sores
  • Areas near the neck or armpits where the skin is darker 


  • Random blood sugar test
  • Fasting blood sugar test
  • Oral glucose tolerance test
  • Glycated hemoglobin (A1C) test 

Self Management 

  • Eat Healthy: Visit a registered dietitian to get a proper diet for your condition. In general, your diet should be high on fiber and low on fat foods. It should contain lots of fruits, vegetables and whole grains. It should contain small amounts of animal products. You should stay away from sweets and refined carbohydrates.
  • Exercising: Exercising regularly on all days of the week is essential for you. Seek the doctor’s guidance and start an exercise program suiting your physical capability and endurance levels. You should aim for at least 30 minutes of exercise through five days of the week. You may choose from a variety of physical activities such as swimming, biking, walking, stretching and strength training exercises.
  • Blood Sugar Monitoring: If you have Type II Diabetes, waste no time in purchasing a monitoring device. Blood sugar levels can be unpredictable and changes in response to exercise, alcohol, some food, illness and even certain medication. This is why you need to monitor and note the blood sugar levels every now and then. However, if you are on insulin you should monitor it multiple times a day. 


  • Medications: Metformin, Meglitinides, Sulfonylureas, Thiazolidinediones, GLP-1 receptor agonists, DPP-4 inhibitors, SGLT2 inhibitors or as directed by physician.
  • Insulin Therapy: In the past years insulin therapy was seen as a last resort for Type II Diabetes patients, but nowadays it is administered earlier due to its distinct benefits in controlling the blood sugar levels. When medications are taken by mouth, the normal digestion process interferes with their effects. This is why insulin is directly injected into the veins in the procedure. There are various types of injections, meant for different purposes, such as: Insulin glulisine (Apidra), Insulin aspart (Novolog), Insulin lispro (Humalog), Insulin detemir (Levemir), Insulin glargine (Lantus) and Insulin isophane (Humulin N, Novolin N).
  • Bariatric Surgery: If you are suffering from Type II Diabetes and your BMI (Body Mass Index) is greater than 35, then the doctor might recommend this weight loss surgery. Through this procedure, a portion of small intestine is bypassed. This surgery has proved to be most helpful for Type II Diabetes patients than any other weight loss therapy.

Diabetes can cause a lot of complications that can affect nearly every organ in your body. Start to prevent these problems starting today!

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Beating Heart Bypass Surgery – Things You Should Know


Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting is a treatment or surgical procedure which is done to normalize the blood flow. It happens around the blockage or narrowed section in the major arteries that somehow barred a normal blood and oxygen flow to the heart. In heart bypass surgery in Delhi, a cardiac surgeon performs the same in two ways.

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Heart Bypass Surgery vs Angioplasty – Which is better?

If the patient has any cardiac disease, it becomes really important to understand the difference between the heart bypass surgery and angioplasty to treat coronary artery disease. The treatment depends on many hard facts and different things.

Who has the option of choosing angioplasty?

Be it heart bypass surgery in Delhi or coronary angioplasty in Delhi, choosing a right treatment is something that your doctor should make. But there is a small but essential role of yours:

Heart Bypass Surgery


If you have a mild heart disease, then there is not much narrowing of arteries.

If you have stable angina, then this is the period which occurs with emotional or physical stress.

You need to talk to your doctor about angioplasty before you have a coronary angiogram.

Risks Of Angioplasty

  • Heart attack
  • Stroke
  • Death

The probability of facing such situations increases with the increase of age.

Depending on the bio-system of the people, some of them recover quicker than expected. They can also return to their normal activities within a few days as per their comfort level.

The Need Bypass Surgery

Not everyone needs heart bypass surgery and can be helped by angioplasty with stents only. Some people get medical therapy which includes lifestyle changes and medicinal prescription. And there are people who take both the treatments. The doctor only recommends bypass surgery when you are getting benefits from it. Your age, health and pedigree chart determines the best treatment for you.

Risks Of Bypass Surgery

The surgery has been practised for more than 40 years. But there are some noted risks:

  1. Too much bleeding.
  2. Stroke.
  3. Heart attack.
  4. Death.

There are some other risks as well which includes angina, anaesthesia, and infections at the site of the chest incision. In some cases, memory loss and trouble thinking also have been noted, though these are observed in old aged people.

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