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Diabetes : Tomorrow’S Prevention, Today.

No sooner that India managed to manage killer diseases (such as malaria, cholera and polio) of the past years, the nation is confronted with a new health threat. A new breed of diseases, which goes by the name of Lifestyle diseases, has become the new killer. For many years, common Indians were under the impression that Lifestyle diseases were a problem for solely the wealthy Western nations. While such diseases still account for more than 14.2 million premature deaths globally each year, India is contributing significantly to this end statistics. Lifestyle diseases have replaced the infectious and hereditary diseases and become the leading killer diseases in India. While some such diseases are side effects of modern day fast lifestyle, others are a result of physical inactivity and addictions. So, today let us take a telescopic look at some such diseases.

Type II Diabetes

India has already become the Diabetes capital of World, with more than 61.3 million people suffering from this lifestyle disorder. It is caused by high blood sugar levels in the body which results in the inability to utilize insulin (a hormone responsible for regulating the movement of sugar into various body cells). The causes for high rates of Type II Diabetes can be easily traced to common lifestyle anomalies such as smoking, consumption of fast food, lack of proper exercising, among many other factors. 

Symptoms

  • Sudden and abnormal weight loss
  • Increase in the frequency of urination
  • Excessive thirst
  • Lack of energy or fatigue
  • Slightly blurred vision
  • Increased healing time for infections or sores
  • Areas near the neck or armpits where the skin is darker 

Diagnosis

  • Random blood sugar test
  • Fasting blood sugar test
  • Oral glucose tolerance test
  • Glycated hemoglobin (A1C) test 

Self Management 

  • Eat Healthy: Visit a registered dietitian to get a proper diet for your condition. In general, your diet should be high on fiber and low on fat foods. It should contain lots of fruits, vegetables and whole grains. It should contain small amounts of animal products. You should stay away from sweets and refined carbohydrates.
  • Exercising: Exercising regularly on all days of the week is essential for you. Seek the doctor’s guidance and start an exercise program suiting your physical capability and endurance levels. You should aim for at least 30 minutes of exercise through five days of the week. You may choose from a variety of physical activities such as swimming, biking, walking, stretching and strength training exercises.
  • Blood Sugar Monitoring: If you have Type II Diabetes, waste no time in purchasing a monitoring device. Blood sugar levels can be unpredictable and changes in response to exercise, alcohol, some food, illness and even certain medication. This is why you need to monitor and note the blood sugar levels every now and then. However, if you are on insulin you should monitor it multiple times a day. 

Treatment 

  • Medications: Metformin, Meglitinides, Sulfonylureas, Thiazolidinediones, GLP-1 receptor agonists, DPP-4 inhibitors, SGLT2 inhibitors or as directed by physician.
  • Insulin Therapy: In the past years insulin therapy was seen as a last resort for Type II Diabetes patients, but nowadays it is administered earlier due to its distinct benefits in controlling the blood sugar levels. When medications are taken by mouth, the normal digestion process interferes with their effects. This is why insulin is directly injected into the veins in the procedure. There are various types of injections, meant for different purposes, such as: Insulin glulisine (Apidra), Insulin aspart (Novolog), Insulin lispro (Humalog), Insulin detemir (Levemir), Insulin glargine (Lantus) and Insulin isophane (Humulin N, Novolin N).
  • Bariatric Surgery: If you are suffering from Type II Diabetes and your BMI (Body Mass Index) is greater than 35, then the doctor might recommend this weight loss surgery. Through this procedure, a portion of small intestine is bypassed. This surgery has proved to be most helpful for Type II Diabetes patients than any other weight loss therapy.

Diabetes can cause a lot of complications that can affect nearly every organ in your body. Start to prevent these problems starting today!

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Injections For Knee Osteoarthritis & Their Facts

The best knee surgeons in Delhi NCR and India can offer a variety of treatments to relieve your symptoms. And of the most common treatments are inject medication into your knee. Some people find it painless and quickly effective whereas other people find them with full of side effects. The best thing is to know about before opting for it.

There are different types of injections, and they’re an important part of treating knee osteoarthritis for many people who are suffering severe knee issue. Injections can be especially helpful for people who haven’t gotten relief from NSAIDs like ibuprofen, or people who can’t take those drugs due to side effects.

What Is Osteoarthritis?

Osteoarthritis is a degenerative disease and a common form of arthritis that very often affects the joints, especially knees. It develops when the cartilage, the smooth covering that protects the bones in the joint breaks down. The surface of the bones becomes damaged, causing pain, swelling, stiffness, and disability. If it is not treated early and properly, it can cause immobility to the person and even sometimes so severe that the person can’t do their daily chores.

How Knee Injections Work

The first and foremost task is that your doctor will give you a shot of anaesthetic to numb your knee. He or she may use a needle to draw out any extra fluid that’s in or around your knee. After that, you’ll get the pain-relieving injection, usually just below your kneecap. Take care while having the shot though the inject will not hurt you, and the drug will work throughout the joint.

Different treatments have side effects that you should discuss with your doctor beforehand. The two most common types of knee injection for OA are Corticosteroids and Hyaluronic acid.

Reduce Inflammation With Steroids

Corticosteroid injections

Corticosteroid injections are more useful that the hyaluronic acid as it treats flare-ups of osteoarthritis pain and swelling with fluid buildup in the knee. These injections help relieve knee problem’s symptoms by reducing inflammation in the joint.

Surgivisor is presenting you some facts regarding the injection that you need to know:

  • They work fast and in a short span of time – usually within 24 to 48 hours.
  • The pain relief lasts from 6 to12 weeks, according to the intensity of your pain and its source.
  • Avoid using them more frequently. A corticosteroid shot often works best the first time and after that, they tend to give less relief.
  • Patients can use these shots two to three times a year. Using them too often may damage cells in the knee that make cartilage.

Hyaluronic Acid

Most of the fluid in a healthy knee is hyaluronic acid and to retain that, this injection is introduced. When the knee have started showing symptoms of knee osteoarthritis, the hyaluronic acid in your knee thins. This is why best knee replacement surgeon in Delhi NCR and India opt to inject more hyaluronic acid into your knee to boost the supply.

Thought this injection shot is not the first or traditional approach. But in some cases, they are suggested by the surgeons and doctors:

  • Your symptoms aren’t improved by pain-relief medications or non-drug treatments.
  • You can’t take other pain relievers.
  • A steroid shot doesn’t help enough.
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10 Best Exercises Helpful After Hip Replacement Surgery

Surgivisor advices you to begin your treatment or take any type of action after consulting with your hip replacement surgeon in Delhi, NCR and India. It is very important to consult with your physiotherapist and surgeon first because they will tell your immune system, level of hazard you have gone through with and time of recovery you will take. And only after these facts, the type of exercises will be recommended.

Though it is very important to exercise after surgery to increase the strength and flexibility in your new hip, it is also very important to know your body strength level first. Do you know that recommended exercises help to prevent blood clots? Yes, and this is why most of the orthopedic surgeons advice to do exercises as a necessary attempt. After hip replacement surgery, you may feel uncomfortable at first and a bit difficult but it will soon become normal like everyday activities sooner. You can increase the intensity of doing these exercises or can repeat repeat each one every day. Keep up the balance and repeat the exercises on both legs to make them equally strong and flexible. Do them slowly and with control.

Exercise 1: Increase Hip Flexibility And Strength

  1. Lie on your side with hips and knees bent and a pillow between your knees.
  2. Keep your feet together.
  3. Do not twist or use your back muscles.
  4. Lift the top knee off the pillow like a clam shell opening.
  5. Hold for a count of 3 to 5 and slowly lower the knee to the pillow. Repeat.

Exercise 2: Increase Hip Flexibility And Strength

  1. Lie on your side with the bottom leg bent to stop you from rolling onto your back.
  2. Keeping the top leg straight, lift it toward the ceiling making sure you do not roll forward or backward.
  3. Slowly lower the leg. Repeat.

Exercise 3: Increase Hip Flexibility And Strengthen Hips And Stomach Muscles

  1. Lie on your back with one leg bent.
  2. Tighten your stomach muscles and lift your bent leg being careful not to bend it more than 90 degrees.
  3. Keeping your stomach muscles tight, slowly lower the leg back to the starting position. Repeat. And discuss this exercise with your hip replacement doctors in Delhi, NCR and India.

Exercise 4: Strengthen Hips

  1. Lie on your stomach.
  2. Tighten your buttocks and lift one leg.
  3. Hold for a count of 3 to 5 and slowly lower your leg. Repeat.

Exercise 5: Increase Leg Flexibility And Strengthen Back Thigh Muscles

  1. Lie on your stomach with your legs straight.
  2. Bend one leg, lifting the heel toward your buttocks.
  3. Slowly lower your leg to the starting position. Repeat.

Exercise 6: Strengthen Front Thigh Muscles

  1. Sit in a steady chair and place an elastic loop around both ankles.
  2. Lifting your first foot, straight your leg while keeping the other foot on the floor as you stretch the elastic loop.
  3. Slowly lower your foot and return to the starting position. Repeat.

Visit surgivisor.com to know more about hip replacement cost in Delhi, NCR and India.

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