A quick look at statistics would suggest 1 in every 1000 men have breast cancer. So, it would be appropriate to call breast cancer a rare occurrence among men. But, do not ever underestimate this disease. Because, the mortality rate with breast cancer among the men is higher in comparison to women. What makes it more deadly for men is the lack of understanding. Most men still perceive that they cannot have cancer in the breasts, and it is a health problem only women need to worry about! So, even if a male sees some common symptoms of breast cancer they tend to brush it aside. But if you prick the brains of best surgeons for breast cancer around the world, they would say menfolk need to be extra careful. It is not easy for men to feel their small breast area and notice signs of tenderness or lumps. When in doubt, every man (shedding aside the embarrassment) should consult a reputed cancer specialist and seek treatment.
What is the breast cancer in Men?
45% of all cancer cases arising each year among women are breast cancer. While the cases of the same have remained stable and low among the other gender. A breast cancer defined in the simplest terms is the formation of tumor in the cells that surround the breast. The tumor is mostly malignant in nature, whereby the cancer cells can spread to other surrounding tissues and across other parts of the body.
Until puberty is attained the breast tissue of boys and girls remains small, consisting of few ducts under the nipple and areola. After puberty, the ovaries in a girl secrete female hormones that cause the breast tissues to grow. But, in boys and men no such growth is witnessed. Like any other cell in the human body, the breast cells in men can undergo cancerous changes. The risks in men remain low because their breast duct cells are less developed than women.
Who are more likely to have breast cancer?
Breast cancer can be completely cured when it is detected in the early stages. This is why it pays high dividends to understand your risks. Some men who might be at risk of breast cancer include:
•Aging: Men in the age group of 60-70 years are more likely to have such cancers.
• Hereditary Issues: When close relatives and parents have a history of breast cancer.
•Health Hazards: Exposure of chest to radiation.
•Gynecomastia: Marked by the enlargement of male breasts, this disease is caused by drug or hormone treatments, and infections.
• Klinefelter’s syndrome
• Cirrhosis of liver
• Testicular problems: Diseases such as Mumps Orchitis, undescended testicle or testicular injury
• Estrogen consumption
Tests to Diagnose Breast Cancer in Men
After primary physical examination, the best surgeons for breast cancer would always advise certain tests to reaffirm their suspicion. Some of the tests include:
• Breast ultrasound
• Breast MRI (Magnetic resonance imaging)
• Nipple discharge exam
• Breast Biopsy
Types of Breast Cancer in Men
• Ductal Carcinoma in Situ (DCIS)
• Infiltrating Ductal Carcinoma (IDC)
• Infiltrating Lobular Carcinoma (ILC)
• Paget disease of the nipple
• Inflammatory breast cancer
Men have similar breast cancer surgery options as women. But, in most scenarios, before suggesting a surgery the doctor would try out various medications, chemotherapy and radiation therapy. If these treatment methods do not yield expected positive results than the surgery would be the choice. Types of breast cancer surgeries are:
The procedure pertains to the removal of all the breast tissues, some healthy tissues in the area may also be removed too. There are two major types of mastectomy – total mastectomy (where the entire breast is removed but the lymph nodes are kept intact) and modified radical mastectomy (here the entire breast along with the lymph nodes are removed).
Lymph Node Surgery:
This surgery is used more so in staging and diagnosing cancer rather than actually treating it. In the procedure, one of more lymph nodes (situated in underarm) are removed and then checked under the microscope to decide on the treatment options. The types of lymph node surgery include – Axillary lymph node dissection (ALND) and Sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB).
There remains a high chance of recurrence for breast cancer, this is why you would do well to follow the advise of the surgeon and stay on regular medical follow-up.
Top Doctors for Breast Cancer in Delhi, NCR to whom you can contact and book an appointment for consultation: