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Age-Related Macular Degeneration-Fight your aging vision

Are you facing any of these eye problems?

  • Blurred vision or blind spot
  • Difficulty in recognizing faces
  • Not able to adapt to low-lit areas and need more light while reading
  • Colors do not seem as bright
  • Getting glares

If yes, then you could be a victim of Age-related Macular Degeneration!

Wondering what is Age-related Macular Degeneration?

This is a disease associated primarily with aging that causes vision loss by affecting the center of the retina called the macula. The vision is predominantly affected due to accumulation of drusen (yellow deposits that are considered waste products) beneath the retina, in and around the macula.

The retina is like the film in the back of a camera and the macula is a small area near the centre of the retina that helps us in performing fine tasks.

Macular degeneration NEVER totally blinds a patient as the peripheral vision remains unaffected, but still the person’s inability to perform daily functions can bring frustration in their mind.

AMD is has its two subtypes based on the damage:

  1. Dry AMD, where, the drusens begin to accumulate in and around the macula and the cells of the macula just wear out. It affects 80-90% of cases.
  2. Wet AMD, that causes vision loss due to abnormal blood vessel growth, leading to blood and protein leakage below the macula. It affects about 10% of cases.

Is macular degeneration always caused by age?

Age-related macular degeneration is something all ages should know about. No doubt that AMD affects 1 in 10 people over the age of 50, and 1 in 3 over the age of 75, but, the risk may extend to those with:

  • Family history of AMD: “Judi Dench, an Oscar winning actress was detected of AMD at 78 years of age. Since, Judi’s mom also had AMD, she cites a classic example of AMD due to age and genetics”.
  • Active Smoking
  • Lack of nutrition in their diet.
  • Excessive exposure to ultraviolet light (sunlight).
  • High blood pressure or high cholesterol.

How do I prevent myself from AMD, if I suspect myself to be at risk?

Many of us assume that our eyes would definitely worsen with age, but it may not be true with those who maintain healthy habits throughout their life. Taking few diligent steps may prevent or slow down the progression of such eye problems.

  1. Eat healthy: Dark, leafy green vegetable, fish and fish oil supplements, fruits and nuts. Limit your intake of refined carbohydrates.
  2. Add multivitamin/multimineral supplements to your diet, particularly anti-oxidants (e.g. Vitamin E, beta-carotene, Vitamin C) and minerals (zinc and copper)
  3. Change your lifestyle: Quit smoking, exercise regularly to manage your weight and cholesterol and blood pressure.
  4. Wear sunglasses to block Ultraviolet rays.
  5. Go for regular eye exams.

Our tendency of not visiting our doctor till we fall prey to a disease sometimes harms us to the extent that the disease cannot be managed well. Avoid that!

What will my eye exam include?

It may include:

  • Vision testing.
  • Dilated eye exam to check your retina and optic nerve.
  • Amsler grid: It is a small paper chart that has crossed lines printed on it that you may use to find any early changes in your eyes.
  • Fluorescein angiogram to see leaking blood vessels.
  • Optical coherence tomography. It uses light waves and can achieve very high-resolution images of any tissues that can be penetrated by light—such as the eyes.

CAN MY MACULAR DEGENERATION BE CURED?

Though, there is no outright cure for AMD, but some treatments may delay its progression or even improve vision.

Dry AMD: No medical or surgical treatment is available for this condition. A combination of high dose of vitamins and minerals slow down its progression.

Wet AMD: Treatment of wet AMD may help in preventing further loss of vision:

  1. Anti-VEGF injections: Drugs like Lucentis and Avastin are administered by intraocular injection that blocks the vascular growth factors. They are effective in reversing some vision loss but, you may need multiple monthly injections.
  2. Photodynamic therapy: This technique involves laser treatment of select areas of the retina. The drug verteporfin is administered intravenously; light of a certain wavelength is then applied to the abnormal blood vessels which activates the verteporfin, thereby destroying the vessels.
  3. Laser Coagulation: An intense “hot” laser is aimed at the abnormal blood vessels in the eyes to destroy them. But since, this treatment is more likely to be used when blood vessel growth is limited to a compact area in the eye, it is the least common procedure used for the treatment of AMD.

Nobody can stop us growing older and so is true with our age related eye problems.  We all reach an age where our sight starts to withdraw its clarity and vision, thereby cutting back our independence to do our daily cores on our own. But, does that mean that we live with a feeling of loss, low self-esteem and depression because of these constraints?

“Losing your sight is like losing your freedom of life but one should make all possible efforts to regain that freedom through various aids and treatments available and live without dependence”

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Injections For Knee Osteoarthritis & Their Facts

The best knee surgeons in Delhi NCR and India can offer a variety of treatments to relieve your symptoms. And of the most common treatments are inject medication into your knee. Some people find it painless and quickly effective whereas other people find them with full of side effects. The best thing is to know about before opting for it.

There are different types of injections, and they’re an important part of treating knee osteoarthritis for many people who are suffering severe knee issue. Injections can be especially helpful for people who haven’t gotten relief from NSAIDs like ibuprofen, or people who can’t take those drugs due to side effects.

What Is Osteoarthritis?

Osteoarthritis is a degenerative disease and a common form of arthritis that very often affects the joints, especially knees. It develops when the cartilage, the smooth covering that protects the bones in the joint breaks down. The surface of the bones becomes damaged, causing pain, swelling, stiffness, and disability. If it is not treated early and properly, it can cause immobility to the person and even sometimes so severe that the person can’t do their daily chores.

How Knee Injections Work

The first and foremost task is that your doctor will give you a shot of anaesthetic to numb your knee. He or she may use a needle to draw out any extra fluid that’s in or around your knee. After that, you’ll get the pain-relieving injection, usually just below your kneecap. Take care while having the shot though the inject will not hurt you, and the drug will work throughout the joint.

Different treatments have side effects that you should discuss with your doctor beforehand. The two most common types of knee injection for OA are Corticosteroids and Hyaluronic acid.

Reduce Inflammation With Steroids

Corticosteroid injections

Corticosteroid injections are more useful that the hyaluronic acid as it treats flare-ups of osteoarthritis pain and swelling with fluid buildup in the knee. These injections help relieve knee problem’s symptoms by reducing inflammation in the joint.

Surgivisor is presenting you some facts regarding the injection that you need to know:

  • They work fast and in a short span of time – usually within 24 to 48 hours.
  • The pain relief lasts from 6 to12 weeks, according to the intensity of your pain and its source.
  • Avoid using them more frequently. A corticosteroid shot often works best the first time and after that, they tend to give less relief.
  • Patients can use these shots two to three times a year. Using them too often may damage cells in the knee that make cartilage.

Hyaluronic Acid

Most of the fluid in a healthy knee is hyaluronic acid and to retain that, this injection is introduced. When the knee have started showing symptoms of knee osteoarthritis, the hyaluronic acid in your knee thins. This is why best knee replacement surgeon in Delhi NCR and India opt to inject more hyaluronic acid into your knee to boost the supply.

Thought this injection shot is not the first or traditional approach. But in some cases, they are suggested by the surgeons and doctors:

  • Your symptoms aren’t improved by pain-relief medications or non-drug treatments.
  • You can’t take other pain relievers.
  • A steroid shot doesn’t help enough.
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10 Best Exercises Helpful After Hip Replacement Surgery

Surgivisor advices you to begin your treatment or take any type of action after consulting with your hip replacement surgeon in Delhi, NCR and India. It is very important to consult with your physiotherapist and surgeon first because they will tell your immune system, level of hazard you have gone through with and time of recovery you will take. And only after these facts, the type of exercises will be recommended.

Though it is very important to exercise after surgery to increase the strength and flexibility in your new hip, it is also very important to know your body strength level first. Do you know that recommended exercises help to prevent blood clots? Yes, and this is why most of the orthopedic surgeons advice to do exercises as a necessary attempt. After hip replacement surgery, you may feel uncomfortable at first and a bit difficult but it will soon become normal like everyday activities sooner. You can increase the intensity of doing these exercises or can repeat repeat each one every day. Keep up the balance and repeat the exercises on both legs to make them equally strong and flexible. Do them slowly and with control.

Exercise 1: Increase Hip Flexibility And Strength

  1. Lie on your side with hips and knees bent and a pillow between your knees.
  2. Keep your feet together.
  3. Do not twist or use your back muscles.
  4. Lift the top knee off the pillow like a clam shell opening.
  5. Hold for a count of 3 to 5 and slowly lower the knee to the pillow. Repeat.

Exercise 2: Increase Hip Flexibility And Strength

  1. Lie on your side with the bottom leg bent to stop you from rolling onto your back.
  2. Keeping the top leg straight, lift it toward the ceiling making sure you do not roll forward or backward.
  3. Slowly lower the leg. Repeat.

Exercise 3: Increase Hip Flexibility And Strengthen Hips And Stomach Muscles

  1. Lie on your back with one leg bent.
  2. Tighten your stomach muscles and lift your bent leg being careful not to bend it more than 90 degrees.
  3. Keeping your stomach muscles tight, slowly lower the leg back to the starting position. Repeat. And discuss this exercise with your hip replacement doctors in Delhi, NCR and India.

Exercise 4: Strengthen Hips

  1. Lie on your stomach.
  2. Tighten your buttocks and lift one leg.
  3. Hold for a count of 3 to 5 and slowly lower your leg. Repeat.

Exercise 5: Increase Leg Flexibility And Strengthen Back Thigh Muscles

  1. Lie on your stomach with your legs straight.
  2. Bend one leg, lifting the heel toward your buttocks.
  3. Slowly lower your leg to the starting position. Repeat.

Exercise 6: Strengthen Front Thigh Muscles

  1. Sit in a steady chair and place an elastic loop around both ankles.
  2. Lifting your first foot, straight your leg while keeping the other foot on the floor as you stretch the elastic loop.
  3. Slowly lower your foot and return to the starting position. Repeat.

Visit surgivisor.com to know more about hip replacement cost in Delhi, NCR and India.

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