In open heart surgery, the chest and then the heart is cut open to treat or unblock or fix the diseased muscles, valves, or arteries of the heart. Do you know that the coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is the most common type of heart surgery in India? As its name is little scary, people avoid going through with this kind of treatment. One should know all kind of facts before opting for it and to alleviate anxiety associated with such a major procedure.
Here is a quick wrap-up of all things that you must know about open heart surgery:
1. CABG or coronary artery bypass graft is the most common heart bypass surgery that is done on people from all over the world. The abbreviation sounds as CABG or “cabbage” which is done to open blocked arteries in the heart. People who have had this surgery have live angina free life for over 5 years.
2. Many hospitals share the data of open heart surgeries done in their premises and others don’t. Organisations like Consumer Reports carry ratings on the procedures. You can check the rating of the hospital according to the success rate in their portal and can take your decisions accordingly.
3. The incision length that a surgeon makes in your breastbone is 2 to 5 inches long.
4. During the procedure, your heart will stop to respond and for that time your body will be hooked up to a heart-lung machine
5. Your body will contain many wires and tubes when you wake up after the surgery which will help to drain the fluid from the body. A temporary pacemaker will also be there. Do you know that you will also find a tube down your throat at that time?
6. Ask best surgeon for open heart surgery and how he or she is planning to do the grafting. The grafting vein is taken from the patient’s leg and nowadays, some surgeons prefer to use the vein from the internal chest wall, called the internal thoracic artery or the internal mammary artery because it is the most effective one.
7. After the surgery, you will be put in ICU for two days normally and an almost week in general ward.
8. It will take almost 2-5 months to recover from the surgery and you will be on regular doctor’s consultation, following diet chart and can also enroll in a cardiac rehab program.
9. Mood swings and adrenaline rush (with an urge to cry or sudden depression) are some of the most common after effects.