Your Personal Health Advisor

Blood Cancer: Categories, Symptoms and Cure.

“From childhood I heard several stories about my uncle who was a brilliant student with a bright future ahead. His talent was not solely confined to academics; he was good in sports and art too. All of his teachers hoped that one day he would glorify our small town with his talents. But all his talents could not see him through Leukemia! After battling against this killer disease for eight months, he succumbed. A misfortunate story of a talented life cut short by blood cancer.”

  • Sujit Das, Pune

More than 40% among all new cancer cases reported annually are blood cancer cases.  The nightmare story narrated by Sujit, is a reality for many thousand relatives. But the advancement in medical science means the mortality rates for blood cancer patients is at its all time low. Only 3% of all reported cases in 2016 led to death. So, there is a bright light at the end of the tunnel. But timely medical intervention is often the key for cure from this disease.

Knowing the disease

Blood cancer is a generic term used to depict cancer of blood, bone marrow and lymphatic system. The red cell functioning of patients suffering from this disease is hampered. Blood cancer attacks the bone marrow, which is the production house of blood cells. The stem cell of the bone marrow matures and develops into three blood cell types – red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets. Blood cancer leads to uncontrollable production of blood cells which hampers immune functions (such as fighting against various infections) and preventing excessive bleeding.

Categories of Blood Cancer

Blood cancer is a broad term used to mention three main groups of cancer, these are:

  • Leukemia (Cancer of blood and bone marrow): In this disease the production of white blood cell increases rapidly and uncontrollably minimizing the production of red blood cells and bone marrow drastically. Leukemia hampers the body’s immune system and makes it incapable of coping with any infection. Over time, even a small infection can become an immense concern.
  • Lymphoma (Cancer of Lymphatic System): Lymphatic system which produces immune cell and removes excess fluids from the body is affected in Lymphoma. The cancerous lymphoma cells lead to the collapse of entire immune system.
  • Myeloma (Cancer of Plasma Cells): Plasma cells are responsible for producing anti-bodies, which help the body fight against various diseases and infections. With the weakening of the immune system, the body becomes vulnerable to any infection.

Symptoms of Blood Cancer:

It is very hard to identify the symptoms of blood cancer as most of them are alike general ailments. They can be identified by monitoring the frequency and continuity of the ailments. Some of the indications include:

  • Fever with chills
  • Persistent fatigue and weakness
  • Loss of appetite and the feeling of nausea
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Night sweats
  • Bone or joint pain
  • Abdominal discomfort
  • Headaches
  • Shortness of breath
  • Frequent infections
  • Itchy skin or skin rash
  • Swollen lymph nodes in the neck, underarms or groin

Path to Cure

There are various treatments for blood cancer; one chosen for the patient depends on the category and stage of the disease. The choice of treatment may also vary as per the part of the body affected as well as the spread of the disease. Doctors suggest the best possible treatment after analyzing all the factors. Some of the common treatments include:

  • Chemotherapy: Here, the intention is to destroy the cancerous cells with the aid of drugs. The drugs pushed into the body are aimed at putting the cancerous cells into remission or slowing down their progression significantly. There are many varieties of Chemotherapy drugs available, and each of them works in a slightly different way. So, the doctors may prescribe a single drug or a combination of two or more drugs, as deemed necessary. When the drug mixes in the bloodstream in will attack the cancerous cells, which grow at a higher speed than the normal cells. Though, in the course of this treatment some of the healthy cells may also be destroyed leading to side effects such as nausea, tiredness and hair loss. There are cases where Radiotherapy may be clubbed together with the drugs for faster and better results.
  • Radiotherapy: In this process, patients are exposed to high energy x-rays, passed through a machine called ‘linear accelerator’, which are intended at killing the cancerous cells. The doctor has to decide on the amount of radiation required for the patient and the area where the ray should be given. This is why it is important to choose the Radiotherapy centre after much deliberation. The centre should have a reputed doctor, radiologist and physicist. Radiotherapy is an effective treatment for leukemia and lymphoma. It is also used as a conditioning therapy to prepare a patient for bone marrow and stem cell treatment. During this treatment some healthy cells in the affected area will also be destroyed, leading to certain side effects. Such side effects will pass within a few weeks after the culmination of this treatment.
  • Bone Marrow Transplant: Depending on the stage of cancer, patient’s age and general health, the doctor may suggest this transplant. In the bone marrow transplant, the stem cells are collected from a donor’s bone marrow. The donor can be blood related or one whose tissue types match with the patient. The process involves a collection of bone marrow from the pelvis area of the donor through incision after administration of general anesthesia. Prior to this transplant, the patients have to go through Chemotherapy and Radiotherapy to destroy the cancerous cells and then build a new immune system for the patient.
  • Stem Cell Transplant: Stem cells form the primary bases of the body, as they are the cells from which other cells, tissues and organs are developed. Just like typical blood donation, stem cells are collected from the blood samples of a donor. Through the transplant, healthy stem cells are infused into the body of the patient which in turn stimulates new bone marrow growth. Such a process reduces risks of cancer and the possibility of cancer recurrence.

Life after Treatment

After the doctor ascertains that the cancerous cells have been effectively neutralized, the road to recovery will commence. A detailed nutrition chart is provided to the patient to retain required body nutrition. Scheduled visits to the doctor are also essential post-treatment.

Please Follow and Like Us: Contact for any query: -, Toll Free:-18001029750.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Injections For Knee Osteoarthritis & Their Facts

The best knee surgeons in Delhi NCR and India can offer a variety of treatments to relieve your symptoms. And of the most common treatments are inject medication into your knee. Some people find it painless and quickly effective whereas other people find them with full of side effects. The best thing is to know about before opting for it.

There are different types of injections, and they’re an important part of treating knee osteoarthritis for many people who are suffering severe knee issue. Injections can be especially helpful for people who haven’t gotten relief from NSAIDs like ibuprofen, or people who can’t take those drugs due to side effects.

What Is Osteoarthritis?

Osteoarthritis is a degenerative disease and a common form of arthritis that very often affects the joints, especially knees. It develops when the cartilage, the smooth covering that protects the bones in the joint breaks down. The surface of the bones becomes damaged, causing pain, swelling, stiffness, and disability. If it is not treated early and properly, it can cause immobility to the person and even sometimes so severe that the person can’t do their daily chores.

How Knee Injections Work

The first and foremost task is that your doctor will give you a shot of anaesthetic to numb your knee. He or she may use a needle to draw out any extra fluid that’s in or around your knee. After that, you’ll get the pain-relieving injection, usually just below your kneecap. Take care while having the shot though the inject will not hurt you, and the drug will work throughout the joint.

Different treatments have side effects that you should discuss with your doctor beforehand. The two most common types of knee injection for OA are Corticosteroids and Hyaluronic acid.

Reduce Inflammation With Steroids

Corticosteroid injections

Corticosteroid injections are more useful that the hyaluronic acid as it treats flare-ups of osteoarthritis pain and swelling with fluid buildup in the knee. These injections help relieve knee problem’s symptoms by reducing inflammation in the joint.

Surgivisor is presenting you some facts regarding the injection that you need to know:

  • They work fast and in a short span of time – usually within 24 to 48 hours.
  • The pain relief lasts from 6 to12 weeks, according to the intensity of your pain and its source.
  • Avoid using them more frequently. A corticosteroid shot often works best the first time and after that, they tend to give less relief.
  • Patients can use these shots two to three times a year. Using them too often may damage cells in the knee that make cartilage.

Hyaluronic Acid

Most of the fluid in a healthy knee is hyaluronic acid and to retain that, this injection is introduced. When the knee have started showing symptoms of knee osteoarthritis, the hyaluronic acid in your knee thins. This is why best knee replacement surgeon in Delhi NCR and India opt to inject more hyaluronic acid into your knee to boost the supply.

Thought this injection shot is not the first or traditional approach. But in some cases, they are suggested by the surgeons and doctors:

  • Your symptoms aren’t improved by pain-relief medications or non-drug treatments.
  • You can’t take other pain relievers.
  • A steroid shot doesn’t help enough.
Please Follow and Like Us: Contact for any query: -, Toll Free:-18001029750.

10 Best Exercises Helpful After Hip Replacement Surgery

Surgivisor advices you to begin your treatment or take any type of action after consulting with your hip replacement surgeon in Delhi, NCR and India. It is very important to consult with your physiotherapist and surgeon first because they will tell your immune system, level of hazard you have gone through with and time of recovery you will take. And only after these facts, the type of exercises will be recommended.

Though it is very important to exercise after surgery to increase the strength and flexibility in your new hip, it is also very important to know your body strength level first. Do you know that recommended exercises help to prevent blood clots? Yes, and this is why most of the orthopedic surgeons advice to do exercises as a necessary attempt. After hip replacement surgery, you may feel uncomfortable at first and a bit difficult but it will soon become normal like everyday activities sooner. You can increase the intensity of doing these exercises or can repeat repeat each one every day. Keep up the balance and repeat the exercises on both legs to make them equally strong and flexible. Do them slowly and with control.

Exercise 1: Increase Hip Flexibility And Strength

  1. Lie on your side with hips and knees bent and a pillow between your knees.
  2. Keep your feet together.
  3. Do not twist or use your back muscles.
  4. Lift the top knee off the pillow like a clam shell opening.
  5. Hold for a count of 3 to 5 and slowly lower the knee to the pillow. Repeat.

Exercise 2: Increase Hip Flexibility And Strength

  1. Lie on your side with the bottom leg bent to stop you from rolling onto your back.
  2. Keeping the top leg straight, lift it toward the ceiling making sure you do not roll forward or backward.
  3. Slowly lower the leg. Repeat.

Exercise 3: Increase Hip Flexibility And Strengthen Hips And Stomach Muscles

  1. Lie on your back with one leg bent.
  2. Tighten your stomach muscles and lift your bent leg being careful not to bend it more than 90 degrees.
  3. Keeping your stomach muscles tight, slowly lower the leg back to the starting position. Repeat. And discuss this exercise with your hip replacement doctors in Delhi, NCR and India.

Exercise 4: Strengthen Hips

  1. Lie on your stomach.
  2. Tighten your buttocks and lift one leg.
  3. Hold for a count of 3 to 5 and slowly lower your leg. Repeat.

Exercise 5: Increase Leg Flexibility And Strengthen Back Thigh Muscles

  1. Lie on your stomach with your legs straight.
  2. Bend one leg, lifting the heel toward your buttocks.
  3. Slowly lower your leg to the starting position. Repeat.

Exercise 6: Strengthen Front Thigh Muscles

  1. Sit in a steady chair and place an elastic loop around both ankles.
  2. Lifting your first foot, straight your leg while keeping the other foot on the floor as you stretch the elastic loop.
  3. Slowly lower your foot and return to the starting position. Repeat.

Visit to know more about hip replacement cost in Delhi, NCR and India.

Please Follow and Like Us: Contact for any query: -, Toll Free:-18001029750.